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The process of writing an essay
Contents1.Definition2.Types of essay3.Procedures of creating an essay 3.1 Planing your Essay 3.1.1 Analysis your question and decide your topic 3.1.2 Research and Information Gathering 3.1.3 Brainstorm and List Your Ideas 3.1.4 Choose a thesis and several supporting ideas 3.2 Writing your essay 3.2.1 Introduction 3.2.2 Body 3.2.3Conclusion 3.3 Complete your essay 3.3.1 Revise and Cite4.Things do NOT do in the process of writing 4.1 Write all your brainstorming ideas
4.2 Write without researching or information gathering
5.Resource links6.External links

The process of writing an essay is the procesure of creating an extended essay or assignment.
It's about choosing a topic, reasching for relevant materials, organizing the structure, writing drafts,
revising drafts, providing references. Learning the process of writing could help students becoming efficient in their writing,
as well as help them accomplishing writing in an easy and relaxing way.

2. Types of essay
Narratative Essay, Persuasive Essay, Compare and Contrast Essay, Expository Essay, Defination Essay.
You may need to choose the kind of the essay you are going to write.Think about your readers, what kind of essay they expect to read?
Is that an academic paper you need to hand in to your professors?Or it's an article you want to publish on magazines or newspapers?
It's necessary to make sure the type of your essay first.

3.Procedures of creating an essay
A. Planning your essay
lAnalysis your question and decide your topic
Before you actually start to make a structure of your essay, it's essential to read question carefully, analysis it,
clarify the words that you're unsure of, dig deep of the theme and try to find out the deep significance behind it.
However, it you don't have a topic or any hint about what you're going to write, it's ok, don't panic,
you can still find one. But that means you need to read something that you are interested in before writing,
because that may probably inspire you. Besides, exchange ideas with others, and search on the Internet could also give you prompts.

All of these may give you a direction for your writing.
Find writing topics online:http://www.creativewritingprompts.com/
After deciding what your topic is, you may start to analysis it, here are some steps that you may follow:
1Analysis the question carefully
2.Highlight the key words, find out the restricting words and instruction words.
Example[1]:: 1. instruction words 2.topic words 3. restricting words
What do you think about students going to bording school in their high school time?
3.Find out their meaning, and their relationships with other words4.Choose the key aspect of the question and establish a structure
4.Reread the essay question.
Example [2]:Here is a student's analysis map on the topic:"Aboriginal poverty can only be understood in the light of
institutionalised racism" .

Of course it is also very important to find out what kind of topic or question it is, and then start to gather
information about it[3].The first that will come to your head in terms of researching informations may be the Internet. However, you should be
careful with the materials you found in it, because it's hard to tell the useful and professional materials from the useless ones[4].
Apart from the internet, library is a good place for you to turn to help. Books and other people's papers could give you hints and provide
you with different kinds of sources.However, make sure you did all the citation word and quoted them correctly.

lBrainstorming, listed your ideas
Brainstorming is a thing that you should do before writing. You brainstorm about your topic, note down your every single
idea no matter it's important or not. Talking about the topic with your friends, using the information you have found may
also help to generate new ideas and thoughts.
Write down all ideas related to brainstorming and make them relate to anything you can think of. Then the next thing is to assemble and
organize all the ideas[5], keep the most useful and important ideas, and move forward with them, try to find more relevant sources.

lChoose a thesis and several supporting ideas

B. Writing your essay
You should give a brief description of your essay in the introduction.And give a specific statement of your supporting ideas. Then, later you can describing the material and background of your thesis in the body paragraphs[6].
Besides, an introduction should be brief and short, and should have a hook to attract readers' attention, moreover, it's also important to know who your readers will be and what they are expecting to read. However, here's no specific rules or types for writing an essay, but there are several principals that you can follow[7]:
l A clear understanding of your audience and purpose for writing.
l A logical organizational plan with a main idea up front to guide your reader.
l A good balance of clearly stated key points and supporting evidence.
l Words that are appropriate and clear to your reader.

Some Examples[8]:
For the example, the regular text is the general introduction to the topic. The BOLD text is the writer's Thesis Statement.
Example 1
Teenagers in many American cities have been involved in more gangs in the last five years than ever before.
These gangs of teens have been committing a lot of violent crimes. The victims of these crimes are both gang members and people outside
of gangs. Many people do not want to travel to areas in our cities because of the danger from this problem.
For this terrible situation to stop, it is going to take a combined effort on the part of many people.
Excellent, supervised after-school programs, more jobs available for teens, and healthy family relationships will go a long way towards ending this crisis in our society.
Example 2
During the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East there was much armed conflict between Christians and Muslims.
Christians called these conflicts the Crusades because they were fighting under the sign of the cross to save the holy lands of the
Bible from being desecrated by non-Christians.However, the true reason for fighting for these lands was less than holy. It was mainly a
desire for economic gain that prompted the Christian leaders to send soldiers to fight in the Holy Land.
In the body part, you organize all the materials you have collected and format it in a certain pattern to illustrate and present
your main idea. Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure[9].

Having an efficient conclusion is very crucial when you are writing an essay. That is a short and brief paragraph that summarys
the whole essay, and restate your thesis idea, and most importantly, it's your last chance to convince your readers to what you
have said in the previous paragraphs. And there are something that you need to pay attention to when you are creating this part[10]:

l Give short summary instead of detailed one. You have to restate what you have illustrated in the previous paragraphs doesn't
mean you need to repeat everything you have present just now, and this should complete in one or two sentences.
l Restate your main ideas, and your supporting ideas in one or two sentences each.
l Avoid using amusing or light-hearted comments in your conclusion part.

B. Complete your essay Revise and Cite
It's necessary to revise your essay, which includes rewrite your first draft. Because in this part, you can check your
essay for little mistakes like spelling and grammar mistakes. At the same time, tighten sentences, and eliminate some unnecessary words,
then, format the whole essay. You can see also online:


It's impossible for us to create the entire essay without referring to other materials, we need to read other people's researches and findings,
look into books to find what can help us. But we cannot use other people's ideas directly, it's important we respect the intellectual property
rights. So we make citations and use quotations to avoid of plagiarism. You may check online about the rules of citing[11].
Then, to accomplish your essay, add the references citations and external links by the end of the essay.

4. Things do not do in processing an essay

l Write all your brainstorming ideas
l Write without researching or information gathering

5.See also:

1. How to write an essay:

2. Writing topics:

3.writing prompts:



5. Citation:

6. References:
[1] http://www.une.edu.au/tlc/aso/students/factsheets/analyse.pdf
[9] http://lklivingston.tripod.com/essay/body.html